The sample size identified for the evaluation was households distributed in the Kebeles smallest administrative unit proportionately to size. A mixed evaluation design was adopted, incorporating both qualitative and quantitative techniques in data collection, so as to be comparable with baseline values. Furthermore, knowledge of HIV prevention had increased remarkably compared to baseline figures. Various data collection methodologies were used including review of project documents, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and observation. Greater effort must be made to increase understanding about the dangers of home deliveries without professional assistance and the delivery services of the clinics. The cooperation with community leadership should be continued and strengthened.
The sample size identified for the evaluation was households distributed in the Kebeles smallest administrative unit proportionately to size. It is also recommended that any other initiatives to address issues of health and hygiene should focus on Behavioural Changes. As ADRA Ethiopia fulfils its deliverables, such as school construction, the government and community should be encouraged to continue building on the contributions by ADRA, such as extending the schools beyond primary education. The project had an impact on basic health, hygiene and family planning. Working with the government ministries at the local levels should also continue. A mixed evaluation design was adopted, incorporating both qualitative and quantitative techniques in data collection, so as to be comparable with baseline values. Strategies should be designed to enable them to commit more to the project objectives. The cooperation with community leadership should be continued and strengthened. Within program implementation the monitoring and evaluation framework needs to be strengthened at all levels of the project. Various data collection methodologies were used including review of project documents, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and observation. The purpose of the final evaluation was to determine the level of achievement of the project objectives, assess project performance, identify unexpected events of significant character, investigate possible unexpected results, and identify lessons learned, in order to inform further programme development. Desired results were reached by empowering and working through government officers and community leaders to reach different target groups within the Kebeles. Since some school-aged children still remained at home, lobby mechanism to sensitize parents to the importance of education should be devised, and child livestock tending discouraged. Furthermore, knowledge of HIV prevention had increased remarkably compared to baseline figures. Family-planning programs still need to deal with misconceptions regarding the need for more children. Despite initiatives regarding hygiene, practices did not increase greatly. Despite efforts to educate villagers regarding water treatment most households refrained from treating their water. The project proposal was based on a needs assessment conducted by ADRA Ethiopia in partnership with the local government. Proportionate to population sampling PPS and systematic sampling methods were used to ensure equity in household distribution and representation in the final sample. The project resulted in increased levels of awareness and practices in environmental management. The project succeeded in a tree planting program and the provision and usage of energy saving stoves. Community members displayed an understanding of key hygiene issues as well as their application. Since chemically treating water is costly a local solution to this problem should be sought out. Despite this marginal negative difference, the use of contraception had increased. Improvements were to be made within health, education, environmental awareness, and problem-solving capacity of local women. The following outcomes were expected: Positive indirect effects are expected to be a reduction in water-borne diseases and an increase in school attendance since children spend less time accessing water.
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